12 Ohio C.C. (n.s.) 460


Circuit Court of Cuyahoga County.

The Cleveland and Buffalo Transit Company v. Kathryn L. Beeman, and Five Other Cases. *

Decided, May 10, 1909.

Alimony — •Service on Defendant by Publication — Order that Corporate Stocks be Transferred to Plaintiff — Corporation the Custodian of Its Stock — Situs of the Corporation is Situs of Its Stock.

1. An injunction against a custodian of intangible property gives to the court such control of the property as authorizes a decree transferring the title from the owner of the property before the injunc*461tion issued to another party to the suit who has been duly served with summons.

2. In an action by a wife for alimony,-the fact that the husband was served by publication only does not render invalid an order awarding to the wife stocks in corporations for profit which have been brought into the action as defendants and enjoined against a transfer of the stock.

Goulder, Holding & Masten, for plaintiffs in error.

C. L. Shaw, contra.

Marvin, J.; Henry, J., and Winch, J., concur.

Error to the Court of Common Pleas.'

This ease (No. 4258), together with the cases following up to and including number 4263, all raise the same questions and the determination of one is the determination of all.

Suit was brought in the court of common pleas by Kathryn L. Beeman against her husband, Lester A. Beeman, for a divorce and alimony. Later, the prayer for divorce was abandoned and the case prosecuted for alimony alone. The defendant in that action, Lester A. Beeman, was a'non-resident of the state of Ohio at the time the action Was begun, and the only service had upon him was the constructive service by publication as provided for in the statute.

Each of the several plaintiffs in error in these eases is a corporation for profit. When the suit was begun in the court of'common pleas, Lester A. Beeman was a stockholder in each of these corporations, and each of the corporations was made a defendant in that action, and. each was - served with summons.

On the motion of the plaintiff in that action a restraining order was allowed against each of these corporations, forbidding the transfer of any -of the stock standing in the name of Lester A. Beeman, on their books, to any person. Upon final hearing the court awarded all of the stock standing in the name of Lester A. Beeman in these several corporations to Kathryn L. Beeman, as alimony, and ordered each of said corporations to deliver to the said Kathryn L. Beeman the original certificates for such stock, and in case of the inability of said corporations, or any one of them, or the refusal of any one -of them to deliver such certificates, that the decree of the court should operate as *462a conveyance of the several shares of stock in each of the corporations to the said Kathryn L. Beeman. To this judgment and order of the court error is prosecuted here, and a carefully prepared brief is furnished in behalf of the several plaintiffs in error, contending that the judgment was erroneous, and giving many plausible reasons for such contention. But whatever doubt might exist in our minds (were it not for the case of Benner v. Benner, 63 Ohio St., 220) is resolved by the judgment in that case in favor of the defendant in error.

The argument in brief on behalf of the plaintiff in error is that as no personal service was made upon the defendant, Lester A. Beeman, no personal judgment’ could be rendered against him for alimony, and that the only way in which, in such case, his property could be reached is by such proceedings as puts the property in .the custody of the court, and makes the case to that extent a proceeding in rem only, and that an injunction allowed against the custodian of such- property (for the several corporations are the custodians of the stock of the several stockholders, see Bank v. Towle Mfg. Co., 67 Ohio St., 306), is not such taking of the property by the court as will authorize a decree that the ownership of the property be transferred from -the owner of said stock before the injunction, to another party in the suit.

In the case of Benner v. Benner, supra, nothing was done to take the property of the defendant in that action into the custody of the court except the allowance of an injunction against the defendant prohibiting him from disposing of his property. The defendant in that action was a non-resident and there was no service other than constructive service by publication upon him. No injunction was allowed against anybody but him. True, the property there was real estate situated within the jurisdiction of the court. Here the property is intangible, but it has a situs and that situs is where the custodian of the property is, to-wit, the corporation. See the opinion in Bank v. Mfg. Co., 67 Ohio St., 314, supra.

The distinction between the case of Benner v. Benner, supra, and the present case, sought to be shown in the brief of plaintiffs in error, fails to convince us that the principle in that case must not apply to this. Indeed, the reason for its application here seems stronger than its application in that case, for each of *463the parties here enjoined by the order of the court was actually served with summons in the action, while the property was in the possession and under the control of the corporations, and we reach the conclusion, therefore, that the judgment of the court of common pleas was right and in each of the several cases the judgment is affirmed.

Cleveland & Buffalo Transit Co. v. Beeman
12 Ohio C.C. (n.s.) 460

Case Details

Cleveland & Buffalo Transit Co. v. Beeman
Decision Date
May 10, 1909

12 Ohio C.C. (n.s.) 460




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